Duchess of Oldenburg apple trees

Duchess of Oldenburg
  • Picking season: Early
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1 week
  • Uses: Eating fresh
  • Uses: Cooking
  • Uses: Traditional cooker
  • Gardening skill: Easy
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 2

Duchess of Oldenburg is a popular early-season apple, primarily used as a cooking apple although it can be eaten fresh when fully ripe. It is often known simply as "Duchess".

It is easy to grow, and therefore a good choice if you are looking for apples to cook with in early August. The key to its success in the kitchen is its tart acidic flavor which holds up well in cooking. Slices usually lose their shape during cooking, making Duchess of Oldenburg best suited for recipes that require apple sauce.

Duchess of Oldenburg apple trees for sale

Mature height
1-year Duchess of Oldenburg apple trees bare-root
Medium (8ft-12ft) mature height

We are between seasons at the moment. You can pre-order trees now for delivery when the new season starts (fall for warmer zones, or next spring), you won't be asked to pay until nearer the time.

How to grow

Duchess of Oldenburg is a reliable variety, easy to grow, and very winter-hardy.

Historical details

Originated in Russia in the early 18th century. Introduced to the USA via the UK in the early 19th century.

Duchess of Oldenburg characteristics


  • Picking season: Early
  • Cropping: Good
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1 week
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening
  • Flavour quality: Good
  • Flavour style (apples): Sharper
  • Uses: Eating fresh Cooking Traditional cooker
  • Cooking result: Puree
  • Discoloring: Oxidising


  • Gardening skill: Easy
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 2
  • Pollinating others: Average
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Vigour: Average vigour
  • Precocity: Precocious
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer


  • Disease resistance: Good


  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (4) -30F / -34C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F) Cold (< 20C / 67F)
  • Frost resistance of blossom: Good resistance


  • Country of origin: Russia
  • Period of origin: 1750 - 1799

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