Antonovka apple trees
- Gardening skill: Suitable for beginners
- Picking season: Early
- Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
- Pollination group: 3
- Uses: Eating fresh
- Uses: Cooking
- Uses: Dual purpose (eat + cook)
Antonovka is a popular medium-sized green/yellow cooking apple, ripening in the early-mid season. It originated in 19th century Russia, and was soon being grown in the northern USA on account of its excellent cold-hardiness.
There are several different forms of this variety. Antonovka Kamenichka is a red-flushed form of this variety, discovered in the Ukraine in the 1890s. Polutorafuntovaya is a green-skinned form, often with particularly large fruit size.
Antonovka apple trees for sale
1-year Antonovka apple trees bare-root
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*Find out more about the apple rootstocks we use to control the mature height.
How to grow
Antonovka is a reliable, productive, and generally disease-free apple, and an ideal choice for colder zones.
Advice on fruit tree pollination.
Russian apple varieties such as Antonovka and Duchess of Oldenburg were quickly adopted by settlers in the northern USA on account of their reliability in cold climates. Antonovka also has a long history of being used as a cold-hardy rootstock for other apple varieties.
- Picking season:
Eating fresh Cooking Dual purpose (eat + cook)
- Flavor style (apples):
- Gardening skill:
Suitable for beginners
- Pollination group:
- Pollinating others:
- Bearing regularity:
- Fruit bearing:
- Organic culture:
- General resistance:
- Cold hardiness (USDA):
(3) -40F / -40C (4) -30F / -34C (5) -20F / -29C (6) -10F / -23C (7) 0F / -18C (8) 10F / -12C
- Summer average maximum temperatures:
Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F) Cold (< 20C / 67F)
- Country of origin:
- Period of origin:
1850 - 1899
- Fruit color:
Green - light
Duchess of Oldenburg
An old culinary variety from Russia, popular in North America, and noted for its winter hardiness.