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Antonovka apple tree

Antonovka
Antonovka is listed in the RHS Plants for Pollinators
Antonovka is one of the most cold-hardy of all apple varieties.

Antonovka apple trees for sale

  • Medium 1-year bare-root tree $35.95
    Mature height: 8ft-12ft after 10 years
    (Polutorafuntovaya) Semi-dwarf rootstock
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Antonovka is a popular medium-sized green/yellow cooking apple, ripening in the early-mid season. It originated in 19th century Russia, and was soon being grown in the northern USA on account of its excellent cold-hardiness.

There are several different forms of this variety. Antonovka Kamenichka is a red-flushed form of this variety, discovered in the Ukraine in the 1890s. Polutorafuntovaya is a green-skinned form, often with particularly large fruit size.

How to grow

Antonovka is a reliable, productive, and generally disease-free apple, and an ideal choice for colder zones.

Advice on fruit tree pollination.

History

Russian apple varieties such as Antonovka and Duchess of Oldenburg were quickly adopted by settlers in the northern USA on account of their reliability in cold climates. Antonovka also has a long history of being used as a cold-hardy rootstock for other apple varieties.

Antonovka characteristics

  • Gardening skillBeginner
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Pollination group3
  • Pollinating othersAverage
  • PloidyDiploid
  • Bearing regularityRegular
  • Fruit bearingSpur-bearer
  • WildlifeRHS Plants for Pollinators
  • Picking seasonEarly
  • UsesEating freshCulinaryDual purpose
  • CroppingGood
  • Keeping (of fruit)2-3 weeks
  • Flavor style (apples)Sharper
  • General resistanceGood
  • FireblightSome resistance
  • ScabSome resistance
  • Cold hardiness (USDA)(3) -40F / -40C
  • Summer maximum temperaturesCool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)Cold (< 20C / 67F)
  • Country of originRussia
  • Period of origin1850 - 1899
  • Fruit colorGreen - light

Similar varieties

  • Duchess of Oldenburg
    An old culinary variety from Russia, popular in North America, and noted for its winter hardiness.
  • Slavyanka
    Slavyanka is a cold-hardy late-season eating apple from Russia.