Duchess of Oldenburg apple trees
- Gardening skill: Suitable for beginners
- Picking season: Early
- Keeping (of fruit): 1 week
- Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
- Pollination group: 2
- Uses: Eating fresh
- Uses: Cooking
- Uses: Traditional cooker
Duchess of Oldenburg is a popular early-season apple, primarily used as a cooking apple although it can be eaten fresh when fully ripe. It is often known simply as "Duchess".
It is easy to grow, and therefore a good choice if you are looking for apples to cook with in early August. The key to its success in the kitchen is its tart acidic flavor which holds up well in cooking. Slices usually lose their shape during cooking, making Duchess of Oldenburg best suited for recipes that require apple sauce.
How to grow
Duchess of Oldenburg is a reliable variety, easy to grow, and very winter-hardy.
Advice on fruit tree pollination.
Originated in Russia in the early 18th century. Introduced to the USA via the UK in the early 19th century.
Duchess of Oldenburg characteristics
- Picking season:
Eating fresh Cooking Traditional cooker
- Keeping (of fruit):
- Flavor style (apples):
- Cooking result:
- Fruit persistence:
- Gardening skill:
Suitable for beginners
- Pollination group:
- Pollinating others:
- Bearing regularity:
- Fruit bearing:
- Cold hardiness (USDA):
(4) -30F / -34C
- Summer average maximum temperatures:
Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F) Cold (< 20C / 67F)
- Frost resistance of blossom:
- Country of origin:
- Period of origin:
1750 - 1799
Antonovka is one of the most cold-hardy of all apple varieties.