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Duchess of Oldenburg apple tree

Duchess of Oldenburg

Duchess of Oldenburg is a popular early-season apple, primarily used as a cooking apple although it can be eaten fresh when fully ripe. It is often known simply as "Duchess".

It is easy to grow, and therefore a good choice if you are looking for apples to cook with in early August. The key to its success in the kitchen is its tart acidic flavor which holds up well in cooking. Slices usually lose their shape during cooking, making Duchess of Oldenburg best suited for recipes that require apple sauce.

Duchess of Oldenburg apple trees for sale

  • Medium 1-year bare-root tree $29.00
    Mature height: 8ft-12ft after 10 years
    G.935 rootstock

How to grow

Duchess of Oldenburg is a reliable variety, easy to grow, and very winter-hardy.

Advice on fruit tree pollination.

Historical details

Originated in Russia in the early 18th century. Introduced to the USA via the UK in the early 19th century.

Duchess of Oldenburg characteristics

  • Picking seasonEarly
  • UsesEating freshCulinaryTraditional cooker
  • CroppingGood
  • Keeping (of fruit)1 week
  • Flavor style (apples)Sharper
  • Cooking resultPuree
  • Fruit persistenceNormal ripening
  • Gardening skillBeginner
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Pollination group2
  • Pollinating othersAverage
  • PloidyDiploid
  • VigourAverage vigour
  • PrecocityPrecocious
  • Bearing regularityRegular
  • Fruit bearingSpur-bearer
  • General resistanceGood
  • Cold hardiness (USDA)(4) -30F / -34C
  • Summer average maximum temperaturesCool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)Cold (< 20C / 67F)
  • Frost resistance of blossomGood resistance
  • Country of originRussia
  • Period of origin1750 - 1799

Similar varieties

  • See also Antonovka
    Antonovka
    Antonovka is one of the most cold-hardy of all apple varieties.