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Dayton apple tree

Dayton is a modern red American disease-resistant apple, with a sweet-tart crisp flesh, which ripens in early fall. It is easy to grow, and a reliable cropper.

Dayton was developed to be resistant to scab, and also has some resistance to fireblight and powdery mildew.

Dayton apple trees for sale

  • Medium 1-year bare-root tree $35.25
    Mature height: 8ft-12ft after 10 years
    G.935 rootstock

Historical details

Dayton is named after Daniel F. Dayton, who led the disease-resistant apple breeding program at the University of Illinois during the mid-20th century. Working in partnership with Rutgers and Purdue universities the "PRI cooperative" developed many of the leading disease-resistant apple varieties in use today.

Dayton is a complex cross of intermediate research station experimental varieties, but its distant ancestry includes Wealthy, Red Rome, Jonathan, and the crab-apple Malus floribunda which is often used in disease-resistant programs because of its scab-resistance.  During development it was known as "Co-op 21".

Dayton characteristics

  • Gardening skillBeginner
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Pollination group3
  • Bearing regularityRegular
  • Picking seasonMid
  • UsesEating fresh
  • CroppingHeavy
  • Keeping (of fruit)1-2 months
  • Flavor style (apples)Sweet/Sharp
  • General resistanceGood
  • FireblightSome resistance
  • ScabVery resistant
  • Cedar apple rustSome susceptibility
  • MildewSome resistance
  • Summer maximum temperaturesCool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)
  • Country of originUnited States
  • Period of origin1950 - 1999
  • Fruit colorRed
  • Fruit sizeAverage