Cortland apple trees
- Gardening skill: Suitable for beginners
- Picking season: Late
- Keeping (of fruit): 2-3 weeks
- Self-fertility: Partially self-fertile
- Pollination group: 3
- Uses: Eating fresh
- Uses: Cooking
Cortland was one of the first varieties to be developed from the popular McIntosh apple. It is a cross between an old southern variety, Ben Davis, pollinated by McIntosh. However as is often the case with McIntosh crosses, Cortland is very much in the McIntosh mould, with the characteristic crimson red skin and glistening sweet white flesh, although it does have a more rustic appeal than some other Mac crosses.
Cortland is a reliable and heavy-cropping variety. The apples are generally larger than McIntosh, but the sweet perfumed flavor is similar. Fruit quality from markets can be quite variable because Cortland does not keep especially well, but this is easily remedied by growing your own. Although primarily an apple for eating fresh, Cortland is also useful in the kitchen, and cut slices don't brown quickly.
Redcort - shown in our main photo - is a sport of Cortland with similar characteristics but a deeper crimson skin.
How to grow
Cortland is an easy apple to grow in most cooler climates, with no particular vices.
Advice on fruit tree pollination.
Raised at the New York State Experiment Station, Geneva, 1898. McIntosh x Ben Davis.
- Picking season:
Eating fresh Cooking
- Keeping (of fruit):
- Flavor style (apples):
- Cooking result:
- Fruit persistence:
- Gardening skill:
Suitable for beginners
- Pollination group:
- Pollinating others:
- Bearing regularity:
- Fruit bearing:
- General resistance:
- Cedar apple rust:
- Cold hardiness (USDA):
(4) -30F / -34C
- Summer average maximum temperatures:
Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F) Cold (< 20C / 67F)
- Country of origin:
- Period of origin:
1900 - 1949
- Fruit color:
One of the most widely-planted McIntosh style apples, Empire has the Mac flavor but improves on it.
Enterprise is a modern American disease-resistant apple, good for eating fresh and cooking.
Macoun is one of the best McIntosh-style apples, with the characteristic flowery vinous flavor.
A traditional versatile apple popular in the northern states of the USA. Also known as Macintosh.
Snow Apple / Fameuse
A very hardy north country apple, known both as the Snow Apple and Fameuse, and the probable parent of McIntosh.