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Black Oxford apple tree

Black Oxford
Black Oxford is listed in the RHS Plants for Pollinators

Black Oxford is a handsome traditional apple from Maine. The deep crimson skin usually has an attractive bloom, which is thought to contribute to its generally good disease resistance.

As with many old heirloom varieties, Black Oxford is a versatile apple - good for winter eating, useful for cooking, and the juice has a good flavor.

Black Oxford apple trees for sale

  • Small 1-year bare-root tree $35.95
    Mature height: 6ft-9ft after 10 years
    G.11 rootstock
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How to grow

Black Oxford has excellent winter hardiness, and on a suitable rootstock it should be possible to grow this variety successfully in Zone 3.

Advice on fruit tree pollination.

Historical details

Although the name suggests it must be an old English variety, Black Oxford is believed to originate from Oxford County in Maine, around the end of the 18th century.

Black Oxford characteristics

  • Gardening skillAverage
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Pollination group4
  • Pollinating othersAverage
  • PloidyDiploid
  • Fruit bearingSpur-bearer
  • WildlifeRHS Plants for Pollinators
  • Picking seasonLate
  • UsesEating freshCulinaryJuice
  • CroppingLight
  • Keeping (of fruit)3 months or more
  • Flavor style (apples)Sweet/Sharp
  • General resistanceGood
  • Cold hardiness (USDA)(3) -40F / -40C(4) -30F / -34C(5) -20F / -29C(6) -10F / -23C(7) 0F / -18C(8) 10F / -12C(9) 20F / -7C(10) 30F / -1C
  • Summer maximum temperaturesCool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)Cold (< 20C / 67F)
  • Country of originUnited States
  • Period of origin1750 - 1799
  • Fruit colorCrimson