Rhode Island Greening apple tree
Rhode Island Greening is a well-regarded American heirloom variety, particularly good for cooking.
Rhode Island Greening apple trees for sale
1Small 1-year bare-root tree
Mature height: 6ft-9ft after 10 years
2Medium 1-year bare-root tree
Mature height: 8ft-12ft after 10 years
Rhode Island Greening is one of the best American culinary apples. Described by William Kendrick in his book The New American Orchardist (1833) as "... tender, rich, juicy, of an agreeable flavor in which acid predominates" - an excellent summary of the key attributes of a good kitchen apple.
Along with Roxbury Russet, Rhode Island Greening is generally considered the oldest apple variety in North America, with records going back to the 17th century. Whereas Roxbury Russet has only recently come back into favor, Rhode Island Greening has always been a popular variety with many commercial plantings - largely because apple pie made with these apples is very hard to beat.
Rhode Island Greening trees are notably long-lived (a characteristic shared with the English Bramley, which like Rhode Island Greening is also a triploid variety).
How to grow
The best quality Rhode Island Greening apples probably come from zones 5-7, as it prefers a cooler climate. Pick when green for storage, or when slightly yellow for eating fresh.
It is a triploid variety, and hence cannot pollinate other apple trees.
Advice on fruit tree pollination.
USA 17th century.
Rhode Island Greening characteristics
- Gardening skillAverage
- Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
- Pollination group3
- Pollinating othersPoor
- Bearing regularityBiennial tendency
- Fruit bearingSpur-bearer
- WildlifeRHS Plants for Pollinators
- Picking seasonLate
- UsesCulinaryTraditional cooker
- Keeping (of fruit)3 months or more
- Flavor style (apples)Sharper
- Cooking resultKeeps shape
- General resistanceAverage
- FireblightVery susceptible
- Cedar apple rustSome susceptibility
- Cold hardiness (USDA)(5) -20F / -29C
- Summer maximum temperaturesCool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)
- Country of originUnited States
- Period of origin1650 - 1699