Rhode Island Greening apple trees

Rhode Island Greening
  • Picking season: Late
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Pollination group: 3
  • Uses: Cooking
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Uses: Traditional cooker

Rhode Island Greening is one of the best American culinary apples. Described by William Kendrick in his book The New American Orchardist (1833) as "... tender, rich, juicy, of an agreeable flavor in which acid predominates" - an excellent summary of the key attributes of a good kitchen apple.

Along with Roxbury Russet, Rhode Island Greening is generally considered the oldest apple variety in North America, with records going back to the 17th century. Whereas Roxbury Russet has only recently come back into favor, Rhode Island Greening has always been a popular variety with many commercial plantings - largely because apple pie made with these apples is very hard to beat.

Rhode Island Greening trees are notably long-lived (a characteristic shared with the English Bramley, which like Rhode Island Greening is also a triploid variety).

Rhode Island Greening apple trees for sale

Mature height*
1-year Rhode Island Greening apple trees bare-root
G.11 rootstock
Small (6ft-9ft) mature height

We are between seasons at the moment. You can pre-order trees now for delivery when the new season starts (fall for warmer zones, or next spring), you won't be asked to pay until nearer the time.

*Find out more about the apple rootstocks we use to control the mature height.

How to grow

The best quality Rhode Island Greening apples probably come from zones 5-7, as it prefers a cooler climate. Pick when green for storage, or when slightly yellow for eating fresh.

It is a triploid variety, and hence cannot pollinate other apple trees.

Advice on fruit tree pollination.

Historical details

USA 17th century.

Rhode Island Greening characteristics


  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Cooking Traditional cooker
  • Cropping: Good
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Flavor style (apples): Sharper
  • Cooking result: Keeps shape
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening


  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 3
  • Pollinating others: Poor
  • Ploidy: Triploid
  • Vigour: Vigorous
  • Precocity: Slow to start bearing
  • Bearing regularity: Biennial tendency
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer

Disease resistance

  • General resistance: Average
  • Cedar apple rust: Some susceptibility
  • Fireblight: Very susceptible


  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (5) -20F / -29C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)


  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1650 - 1699