Malus domestica 'Jonagold'
Jonagold is a widely-grown American apple variety with an excellent rich aromatic flavor. It is widely grown in the USA and Europe.
Jonagold stores well, a quality it inherits from one of its parents, Golden Delicious. However it gets its excellent flavor from its other parent, the well-respected old New York apple variety Jonathan. It has a combination of good sweetness and good sharpness that often denotes a high quality apple.
Jonagold is a very versatile apple. As well as being excellent for eating fresh, it is a popular for all kinds of culinary uses, and good for juice and cider. The apples can be picked over several weeks - pick earlier if you want to store them.
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The main horticultural issue is that Jonagold is a triploid apple variety and therefore needs two separate pollination partners nearby (or one self-fertile one). If you have apple trees nearby or in neighboring gardens, they may be suitable. Golden Delicious is a reliable pollinator of many varieties but Jonagold is an exception and cannot be pollinated by Golden Delicious. Like most triploid apple varieties, Jonagold produces a fairly large tree and the apples are also fairly large. Cropping is generally good and there is no need to thin the fruit.
Jonagold is susceptible to a number of apple diseases, but its vigorous triploid nature seems to help it keep going.
Jonagold likes a warmer climate but can be grown across quite a wide climate range.
Advice on fruit tree pollination.
Jonagold is a cross between two classic American apple varieties, Golden Delicious and Jonathan. Developed by the famous Geneva research station in New York State in 1943.