Malus domestica 'Fuji'
Although Fuji originates from Japan, its parentage is all-American, a cross between Red Delicious and Ralls Janet. In terms of shape and skin texture it looks like Ralls Janet - but with the strong red coloration of Red Delicious overlaid to produce a lovely pink hue - Fuji really is a very attractive apple. The colors can vary from red/pink flush over yellow to a deeper speckled pink.
The flavor is mild, and pleasantly sweet with very little tartness. Fuji has the potential to achieve high quality flavor and texture when grown in the right conditions. It also has remarkable keeping qualities, even in natural cold storage.
Fuji is unusual in that there are a number of different forms or "sports", many of them ripening much earlier than the original forms. Customers in the northern states may have more success with the early ripening Fuji variants: Rising Sun, September Wonder, Beni Shogun - these should all ripen in September. The later ripening forms include Sun Fuji, Myra, Nagano Red (as well as the original Fuji) - and typically ripen in late October.
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The key requirement to be aware of when considering growing Fuji is that it needs a warm climate and a very long growing season - picking of the original (late ripening) forms is likely to take place in October - November.
Customers in the northern states may have more success with the September-ripening variants. Conversely, if you live in the southern states or southern California, Fuji definitely deserves consideration, as it is one of the most reliable varieties for hot climates. As a rule of thumb, if you can grow citrus it is too hot for apples ... but if you can grow citrus and you still want fresh apples then Fuji is one of the best choices.
Fuji seems to be a variety that repays care and attention by the grower during the growing season.
Advice on fruit tree pollination.
Developed in Japan, released in the 1960s. Ralls Janet x Red Delicious.