Liberty apple trees

  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh
  • Uses: Juice
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
  • Gardening skill: Easy
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 2

Liberty is a modern apple variety, developed for disease resistance - it has very good resistance to scab, fireblight and cedar apple rust.

Liberty's disease resistance comes partly from a crab apple variety called Malus floribunda which is one of its distant ancestors, whilst it gets its clean well-balanced flavor from its immediate parent Macoun and grand-parent McIntosh. It also has the bright white flesh and sweet "vinous" flavor which is a characteristic of almost all apples which are descended from McIntosh, but with perhaps a bit more tartness. Overall the flavor can be considered first class with no compromise for being disease resistant.

Although primarily an apple for eating fresh, it can also be used for applesauce - which will be pink if you leave some of the skin on.

Liberty apple trees for sale

Mature height*
1-year Liberty apple trees bare-root
G.16 rootstock
Small (6ft-9ft) mature height
1-year Liberty apple trees bare-root
G.202 rootstock
Medium (8ft-12ft) mature height
1-year Liberty apple trees bare-root
MM.111 rootstock
Large (10ft-16ft) mature height
Out of stock
1-year Liberty apple trees bare-root
Full-size (16ft-24ft) mature height
Out of stock

*Find out more about the apple rootstocks we use to control the mature height.

How to grow

The natural disease resistance make Liberty an excellent garden apple, particularly for fans of McIntosh apples. It is one of the best choices if you live in an area where cedar-apple rust (CAR) is prevalent, as it is very resistant to this disease.

Liberty trees are fairly vigorous and precocious. The fruitlets will require thinning in most seasons, to avoid a very large crop of very small apples. The apples ripen over a period so you do not have to pick them all at once.

Liberty will grow in most situations, although it is probably better in cooler regions. It is generally a fool-proof and reliable apple.

Historical details

Liberty was developed at the Geneva Experimental Station, New York and introduced in 1978. It is related to Macoun.

There is some evidence that Liberty is a triploid variety - with 3 sets of chromosomes instead of 2. Triploid varieties often have good disease resistance. However it does not have many of the usual characteristics associated with triploid varieties such as large size and vigour.

Liberty characteristics


  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh Juice
  • Cropping: Heavy
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
  • Flavor quality: Very good
  • Flavor style (apples): Vinous
  • Discoloring: Very oxidising (browns quickly)
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening


  • Gardening skill: Easy
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 2
  • Pollinating others: Poor
  • Ploidy: Triploid
  • Vigour: Vigorous
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer
  • Organic culture: Suitable

Disease resistance

  • General resistance: Good
  • Cedar apple rust: Very resistant
  • Fireblight: Some resistance
  • Mildew: Some resistance
  • Scab: Very resistant


  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (4) -30F / -34C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F) Hot (>30C / 86F)


  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1950 - 1999
  • Fruit color: Crimson