Liberty apple trees

  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh
  • Uses: Juice
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
  • Gardening skill: Easy
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 2

Liberty is a modern apple variety, developed for disease resistance - it has very good resistance to scab, fireblight and cedar apple rust.

Liberty's disease resistance comes partly from a crab apple variety called Malus floribunda which is one of its distant ancestors, whilst it gets its clean well-balanced flavor from its immediate parent Macoun. It also has the bright white flesh and sweet "vinous" flavor which is characteristic of the "Mac", with perhaps a bit more sharpness. Overall the flavor can be considered first class with no compromise for being disease resistant.

Liberty apple trees for sale

Item
Mature height*
Price
Quantity
1-year Liberty apple trees bare-root
G.16 rootstock
Small (6ft-9ft) mature height
$29.00
Out of stock
1-year Liberty apple trees bare-root
G.202, G.890 rootstock
Medium (8ft-12ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Liberty apple trees bare-root
MM.111, MM.111 rootstock
Large (10ft-14ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Liberty apple trees bare-root
Antonovka rootstock
Full-size (16ft-24ft) mature height
$29.00

*Find out more about the apple rootstocks we use to control the mature height.


How to grow

The natural disease resistance make Liberty an excellent garden apple, particularly for fans of McIntosh apples. It is one of the best choices if you live in an area where cedar-apple rust (CAR) is prevalent, as it is very resistant to this disease.

Liberty trees are fairly vigorous and precocious. The fruitlets will require thinning in most seasons, to avoid a very large crop of very small apples. The apples ripen over a period so you do not have to pick them all at once.

Liberty will grow in most situations, although it is probably better in cooler regions. It is generally a fool-proof and reliable apple.

Historical details

Liberty was developed at the Geneva Experimental Station, New York and introduced in 1978. It is related to Macoun.

There is some evidence that Liberty is a triploid variety - with 3 sets of chromosomes instead of 2. Triploid varieties often have good disease resistance. However it does not have many of the usual characteristics associated with triploid varieties such as large size and vigour.

Liberty characteristics

Using

  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh Juice
  • Cropping: Heavy
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
  • Flavour quality: Very good
  • Flavour style (apples): Vinous
  • Discoloring: Very oxidising
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening

Growing

  • Gardening skill: Easy
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 2
  • Pollinating others: Poor
  • Ploidy: Triploid
  • Vigour: Vigorous
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer
  • Organic culture: Suitable

Problems

  • Disease resistance: Good
  • Cedar apple rust: Very resistant
  • Fireblight: Some resistance
  • Mildew: Some resistance
  • Scab: Very resistant

Climate

  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (4) -30F / -34C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F) Hot (>30C / 86F)

Identification

  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1950 - 1999
  • Fruit colour: Crimson