Baldwin apple trees

Baldwin apple tree
  • Pick: Late-season
  • Flowering group: 4
  • Uses: Eat fresh | Cookery | Juicing 

Baldwin is an antique American apple which is still popular today. William Kendrick in his book the New American Orchardist (1833) states it is "recommended for extensive cultivation". The Victorian pomologist Robert Hogg stated Baldwin was "considered one of the finest apples in the Northern States of America".

It has the key element of a good apple - a balanced flavor (which is predominantly sweet). Baldwin is crisp to eat fresh, but is primarily an apple for the kitchen, where it keeps its shape when cooked. It also produces a sweet juice.

Last orders for delivery to reach us by 30th April

Baldwin apple trees for sale

Mature size* Supplied as Price Quantity
Small  (6ft - 9ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - G.11 rootstock  (dwarf) $29.00 Sold outalert me
Large  (9ft - 12ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - G.30 rootstock  (semi-vigorous) $29.00 Sold outalert me
Medium  (8ft - 10ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - G.202 rootstock  (semi-dwarf) $29.00 Sold outalert me
Large  (10ft - 14ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - MM106 rootstock  (semi-vigorous) $29.00 Sold outalert me
Large  (12ft-18ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - MM111 rootstock  (semi-vigorous) $29.00 Sold outalert me
Full size  (14ft - 20ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - Bud. 118 rootstock  (vigorous) $29.00 Sold outalert me

Delivery discounts. Prices are for individual trees excluding delivery. There is no minimum quantity but it is cost effective to order in multiples of 4 trees.

Delivery period: Trees are delivered in March and April. However it is best to order as soon as you can to ensure items are reserved for you. If you live in a warm zone (e.g. Southern California, Alabama etc.) Fall delivery is possible. More details on our spring shipping schedule by state.

*Mature size: Height shown is the approximate height of the tree when mature (after 5-10 years), not the height when supplied. Actual mature heights may vary considerably dependent on your local conditions and training and pruning regime - see our Tree Height Calculator.

Stock availability: Items showing as 'sold out' will probably be available again next season. Click here to be notified when we get more trees of this variety.

Summary features of Baldwin


  • Gardening skill: Some needed?
  • Cropping: Good
  • Fertility: Not self-fertile?
  • Flowering group: 4?
  • Pollinating others: Poor?
  • Ploidy: Triploid?
  • Vigour: Large?
  • Precocity: Slow to start bearing?
  • Bearing regularity: Biennial tendency?
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer?
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening?
  • Overall disease resistance: Average?
  • Scab: Some susceptibility?
  • Mildew: Some susceptibility?
  • Fireblight: Some susceptibility?
  • Cedar apple rust: Very resistant?
  • Bitter pit: Some susceptibility?


  • Picking season: Late?
  • Use / keeping: 3 months or more?
  • Flavour quality: Very good?
  • Flavour style: Sweeter
  • Good for eating fresh
  • Good for cooking
  • Good for juice
  • Cooking result: Keeps shape
  • Drying / Discoloring: Oxidising?


  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1750 - 1799
  • Fruit colour: Orange flush
  • Blossom colour: Pink - light
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • Popularity: Best sellers?


  • Temperate climates
  • Tolerates cold winters
  • USDA Zone 4: Yes
  • USDA Zone 5: Yes
  • USDA Zone 6: Yes
  • Cold hardiness: -30F / -34C?

Pollination guide for Baldwin

Baldwin is in flowering group 4. Baldwin is a triploid variety and cannot pollinate other varieties. It needs to be pollinated by another tree of a different variety nearby. You can either plant a self-fertile variety (which will pollinate itself and the Baldwin) or you can plant two pollination partners which must each be of different varieties and able to cross-pollinate each other as well as the Baldwin. If you need further advice on this just get in touch.

How to grow Baldwin apple trees

As you might guess from the size of the apples and the vigor of the tree, Baldwin is a triploid variety - it needs two other (each different) compatible apple varieties nearby to pollinate it (or a single self-fertile variety) and will not pollinate other varieties. It is therefore not a good choice as your only apple tree, but works well as part of a small collection of apple trees.

William Kendrick, cited above, also noted Baldwin's tendency to fall into a cycle of biennial bearing. "The tree bears enormously every other year, and in the interval, occasionally a moderate crop." This is easily remedied by heavily thinning in the "on" year, and you can also prevent it happening by thinning the fruitlets after the blossom has finished if you notice a particularly heavy fruit set.

Baldwin is an apple for the cooler states, and is most at home in the climate of New England and similar areas,

Historical details

This variety was originally known as the Butters Apple, after a farmer, Mr Butters of Wilmington MA in whose field the original tree was discovered - probably in the 1750s. Mr Butters also called it Woodpecker, on account of the woodpecker birds that frequented the tree.

It is thought to have become known as the Baldwin apple after a Colonel Baldwin, who fought in the Revolutionary War. His troops were resting in a field near Wilmington, MA, and he asked the farmer, Mr Butters, if they could pick apples from a nearby tree. Colonel Baldwin was very taken with the flavor of the apples, and after the war he returned to the farm and asked for cuttings from the tree so that he could grow them himself.

Botanical name

Malus domestica 'Baldwin'