Granny Smith apple tree
Granny Smith is the world-famous green apple from Australia, a good choice for warmer apple-growing regions.
Granny Smith apple trees for california / south-west for sale
1Small 1-year bare-root tree
Mature height: 6ft-9ft after 10 years
2Medium 1-year bare-root tree
Mature height: 8ft-12ft after 10 years
The popular Australian Granny Smith apple grows happily in many parts of the United States. Like many of the well-known supermarket varieties, Granny Smith is undergoing something of a renaissance as apple enthusiasts discover that the qualities that have made it so successful as a supermarket apple can also be useful in the home orchard.
Granny Smith is a versatile apple, great for eating fresh of course, but also a good apple for sweet and savoury salads (since it does not go brown readily) and a good choice for apple pies - slices keep their shape when cooked. (For best cooking results, pick when slightly under-ripe).
Granny Smith prefers the warmer zones - 6 and higher - but can be grown across quite a wide range, and zone 5 is a possibility although be aware that it likes a long growing season to ripen. The flavor of home-grown examples in the warmer states can be more complex and interesting than the one-dimensional tart acidity of store-bought apples, particularly if you allow the apples to ripen fully on the tree.
As well as the distinctive green skin and tart flavor, Granny Smith is well known for its excellent keeping qualities. It is one of the best apples for home storage.
How to grow
Cropping is usually very good but the famous bright green color is only achieved in areas of warm days and nights. In cooler zones where temperatures drop overnight Granny Smith can develop an attractive but uncharacteristic red flush.
Granny Smith is generally easy to grow, but it can lapse into biennial bearing if allowed to over-crop.
One of the unusual features of Granny Smith is that the apples tend to grow within the foliage, on the inside rather than the outside of the tree - as can be seen in our main photo. It is a partial tip-bearer so pruning is generally not necessary.
Granny Smith is a very good pollinator of other apple varieties, making it an excellent choice if you are establishing a small orchard in the warmer climate zones.
Advice on fruit tree pollination.
Discovered by Maria Smith, Australia, 1860s.
Granny Smith characteristics
- Gardening skillAverage
- Pollination group3
- Pollinating othersGood
- Bearing regularityBiennial tendency
- Fruit bearingPartial tip-bearer
- WildlifeRHS Plants for Pollinators
- Picking seasonVery late
- UsesEating freshCulinary
- Keeping (of fruit)3 months or more
- Flavor style (apples)Sharper
- Cooking resultKeeps shape
- General resistanceAverage
- FireblightSome susceptibility
- ScabSome susceptibility
- Cedar apple rustSome resistance
- MildewSome susceptibility
- Cold hardiness (USDA)(5) -20F / -29C
- Summer maximum temperaturesWarm (25-30C / 76-85F)Hot (>30C / 86F)
- Chill requirementLow-chill 600 hours
- Country of originAustralia
- Period of origin1850 - 1899
- Fruit colorGreen