Spitzenburg apple trees

Esopus Spitzenburg
  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh
  • Uses: Cooking
  • Uses: Juice
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Gardening skill: Some needed
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 4

Without doubt Esopus Spitzenburg is one of the great American apple varieties. It has a true aromatic flavor and has been widely praised by American pomologists down the centuries. The noted English author Hogg writing at the end of the 19th century also liked it, calling it "a most excellent dessert apple".

This is not a variety to eat straight from the tree - it needs to be stored for at least a month in a cold store (or fridge) for the flavor to mature - and it will keep until well into the new year. The flesh is dense and buttery with a rich sharp yet sweet quality, great for eating fresh on a winter's day - but also useful in the kitchen and good for juicing.

Spitzenburg apple trees for sale

Item
Mature height*
Price
Quantity
1-year Spitzenburg apple trees bare-root
G.11, G.16 rootstock
Small (6ft-9ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Spitzenburg apple trees bare-root
G.202 rootstock
Medium (8ft-12ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Spitzenburg apple trees bare-root
MM.111 rootstock
Large (10ft-14ft) mature height
$29.00

*Find out more about the apple rootstocks we use to control the mature height.


How to grow

It is almost a truism with apples that the varieties with the best flavor are the hardest to grow. The main challenge with Esopus Spitzenberg is that it has poor disease resistance, although its natural vigour and productiveness helps it to keep going. The flavor is at its best in cooler climates, and like many heirloom varieties Spitzenburg likes warm autumn days and cool autumn nights.

Historical details

Discovered near Esopus, New York, in the 18th century and well-known by the 1790s when Thomas Jefferson ordered some to plant at Monticello.

Spitzenburg characteristics

Using

  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh Cooking Juice
  • Cropping: Heavy
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Flavour quality: Exceptional
  • Flavour style (apples): Aromatic
  • Discoloring: No discolor (Good for drying)
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening

Growing

  • Gardening skill: Some needed
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 4
  • Pollinating others: Average
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Vigour: Average vigour
  • Bearing regularity: Biennial tendency
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer

Problems

  • Disease resistance: Poor
  • Canker: Very susceptible
  • Cedar apple rust: Some susceptibility
  • Fireblight: Very susceptible
  • Scab: Very susceptible

Climate

  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (4) -30F / -34C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F) Hot (>30C / 86F)

Identification

  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1800 - 1849
  • Fruit colour: Orange / Red
  • Awards: Slow Food - Ark of Taste