Roxbury Russet apple trees

Roxbury Russet
  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh
  • Uses: Cooking
  • Uses: Juice
  • Uses: Hard cider
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 4

Roxbury Russet is an apple variety that traces its history right back to the colonial era, and it is thought to be the oldest apple variety originating in North America - almost certainly a seedling of a European variety brought over by the early colonists. It remains popular as a variety for gardens and small orchards, not just for its history but because it is also a good all-round apple.

Roxbury Russet is a typical russet apple, with a sweet flavor. However it is larger than most russet apples. The extent of russeting can vary from considerable to minimal, and like many russets it can develop an attractive sun-kissed flush as well.

It has many uses from eating fresh to fresh and savoury salads, juicing and cider. It keeps well in cold storage and can be used throughout the winter months.

Roxbury Russet apple trees for sale

Item
Mature height*
Price
Quantity
1-year Roxbury Russet apple trees bare-root
G.11, G.16 rootstock
Small (6ft-9ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Roxbury Russet apple trees bare-root
G.30, G.935, M.7 rootstock
Medium (8ft-12ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Roxbury Russet apple trees bare-root
B.118 rootstock
Large (10ft-16ft) mature height
$29.00

*Find out more about the apple rootstocks we use to control the mature height.


How to grow

Like many antique apples, Roxbury Russet has some natural resistance to some of the diseases prevalent in the areas it originated, notably cedar apple rust, fireblight and scab.

Part of the reason for its success is that Roxbury Russet is both a very reliable and a very good keeper - qualities which are as useful today as when it was first discovered.

Historical details

In use in Massachusetts in the early 17th century.

Roxbury Russet characteristics

Using

  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh Cooking Juice Hard cider
  • Cropping: Good
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Flavor style (apples): Sweeter
  • Discoloring: Very oxidising (browns quickly)
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening

Growing

  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 4
  • Pollinating others: Poor
  • Ploidy: Triploid
  • Vigour: Vigorous
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Fruit bearing: Partial tip-bearer

Disease resistance

  • General resistance: Average
  • Cedar apple rust: Very resistant
  • Fireblight: Very resistant
  • Scab: Very resistant

Climate

  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (4) -30F / -34C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)

Identification

  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1600 - 1649
  • Fruit color: Russet