Jonathan apple trees

Jonathan
  • Picking season: Late
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Uses: Eating fresh
  • Uses: Cooking
  • Gardening skill: Some needed
  • Self-fertility: Partially self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 3

Jonathan is a classic 19th century American apple variety, noted for its high quality flavor. It rewards being eaten fresh between October and Christmas, but is a good keeper and a good variety for the kitchen.

Jonathan apples were exported to Victorian England and the English pomologist Robert Hogg rated it as "a very fine dessert apple".

Jonathan apple trees for sale

Item
Mature height
Price
Quantity
1-year Jonathan apple trees bare-root
Small (6ft-9ft) mature height
$29.00

We are between seasons at the moment. You can pre-order trees now for delivery when the new season starts (fall for warmer zones, or next spring), you won't be asked to pay until nearer the time.


How to grow

Jonathan is often considered to be fully self-fertile, but in practice cropping is greatly improved if there is another different variety nearby to pollinate it.

The main challenge with growing Jonathan is its poor disease resistance. Don't let the extensive list of disease susceptibility put you off, in reality the situation is not quite as bad as it looks, and it is worth a bit of effort to get such excellent flavor. However it is perhaps not a good idea to rely on Jonathan as your only apple tree!

Historical details

According to the Victorian pomologist Robert Hogg, it was found on the farm of Philip Rick of Kingston New York, in the early 19th century. It is thought to be related to Esopus Spitzenburg. However as with many old varieties there are many stories surrounding its origins. Visually and in terms of the quality of flavor, the relation with Spitzenburg seems likely.

Jonathan's excellent flavor and good keeping qualities have led to it being used in many breeding programs.

Jonathan characteristics

Using

  • Picking season: Late
  • Cropping: Heavy
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Flavour quality: Very good
  • Flavour style (apples): Aromatic
  • Uses: Eating fresh Cooking
  • Cooking result: Textured puree

Growing

  • Gardening skill: Some needed
  • Self-fertility: Partially self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 3
  • Pollinating others: Average
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Vigour: Average vigour
  • Precocity: Precocious
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer

Problems

  • Disease resistance: Poor
  • Canker: Some susceptibility
  • Cedar apple rust: Very susceptible
  • Fireblight: Very susceptible
  • Mildew: Some susceptibility
  • Scab: Very susceptible
  • Woolly aphid: Some resistance

Climate

  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)

Identification

  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1800 - 1849
  • Fruit colour: Orange / Red