Fall 2014 / Spring 2015 seasonWe are now taking provisional orders for fall 2014 shipping (warmer zones only) or spring 2015. 

Winesap apple trees

  • Pick: Late-season
  • Flowering group: 3
  • Uses: Eat fresh | Cookery | Juicing 
  • Disease-resistance: Good

Probably the most well-known and well-regarded of all antique southern apples, Winesap is a useful addition to the home orchard because of its reliable cropping and good keeping properties.

Winesap is a notably crisp dense apple, and gets its name from the wine-like flavor when eaten fresh.

However first and foremost this is an apple variety for the kitchen, where its strong tart spicy flavor makes it a good base for traditional apple pies. Winesap can be used in recipes which require apples which keep their shape when cooked, but it breaks down quite easily and also works in recipes where a softer texture is required. Winesap is also a very good choice for juicing.

We sometimes have the Stayman Winesap as well, strictly speaking it is a different variety (it is thought to be a seedling of Winesap).

Order now for fall 2014 (warm zones) or spring 2015.

Winesap apple trees for sale

Mature size* Supplied as Price Quantity
Small  (6ft - 9ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - G.11 rootstock  (dwarf)less than 5 in stock $29.00

Delivery discounts. Prices are for individual trees excluding delivery. There is no minimum quantity but it is cost effective to order in multiples of 4 trees.

Delivery period: Trees are delivered in March and April. However it is best to order as soon as you can to ensure items are reserved for you. If you live in a warm zone (e.g. Southern California, Alabama etc.) Fall delivery is possible. More details on our spring shipping schedule by state.

*Mature size: Height shown is the approximate height of the tree when mature (after 5-10 years), not the height when supplied. Actual mature heights may vary considerably dependent on your local conditions and training and pruning regime - see our Tree Height Calculator.

Stock availability: Items showing as 'sold out' will probably be available again next season. Click here to be notified when we get more trees of this variety.

Summary features of Winesap

    Growing

  • Gardening skill: Average?
  • Cropping: Good
  • Fertility: Not self-fertile?
  • Flowering group: 3?
  • Pollinating others: Poor?
  • Ploidy: Triploid?
  • Vigour: Average growth?
  • Precocity: Slow to start bearing?
  • Bearing regularity: Regular?
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer?
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening?
  • Attractive blossom
  • Overall disease resistance: Good?
  • Mildew: Very resistant?
  • Fireblight: Some susceptibility?
  • Cedar apple rust: Very resistant?

    Uses

  • Picking season: Late?
  • Use / keeping: 3 months or more?
  • Flavour quality: Very good?
  • Flavour style: Aromatic
  • Good for eating fresh
  • Good for cooking
  • Good for juice
  • Cooking result: Textured puree
  • Drying / Discoloring: Very oxidising?

    Identification

  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1800 - 1849
  • Fruit colour: Orange / Red
  • Blossom colour: Pink - light
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • Popularity: Best sellers?

    Climate

  • Temperate climates
  • Tolerates cold winters
  • USDA Zone 5: Yes
  • USDA Zone 6: Yes
  • USDA Zone 7: Yes
  • USDA Zone 8: Yes
  • Cold hardiness: -20F / -29C?


Pollination guide for Winesap

Winesap is in flowering group 3. Winesap is a triploid variety and cannot pollinate other varieties. It needs to be pollinated by another tree of a different variety nearby. You can either plant a self-fertile variety (which will pollinate itself and the Winesap) or you can plant two pollination partners which must each be of different varieties and able to cross-pollinate each other as well as the Winesap. If you need further advice on this just get in touch. Since it flowers in the middle of the blossom season it can be pollinated by most other apple trees.

How to grow Winesap apple trees

Winesap is easy to grow and has a reputation for being productive even on poor soils or bad years. Harvest is late September in the southern states.

The main thing to be aware of when growing Winesap is that it is a poor pollinator of other varieties. Paradoxically, its red-colored blossom is very attractive. Note that the Stayman form is triploid and will not pollinate other varieties (and needs two other apple trees of different varieties nearby for its own pollination).

Like most heavy-cropping apple varieties, fruit-size can be improved by thinning the fruitlets in June.

Disease resistance is good, particularly against cedar apple rust (CAR) and fireblight.

Winesap is a southern apple but grows well in the northern states too.

Varieties with similar picking times to Winesap



Historical details

USA 18th century. Winesap was grown commercially in Virginia during the 19th century and into the 20th century and it is often known as Virginia Winesap as a result.

Stayman's Winesap was raised in the Dr Stayman of Leavenworth, Kansas in the 1860s. It is thought to be a Winesap seedling.


Botanical name

Malus domestica 'Winesap'


Related variety collections

American heirloom apple trees



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