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Tree comparisons



Cider apple trees
Kingston Black

Cider apple trees
Harrison

Apple trees
Golden Russet

Apple trees
Ashmead's Kernel

Apple trees
Roxbury Russet

Kingston Black is one of the premier English cider varieties and produces a bittersharp juice.Harrison is a traditional American cider apple, noted for its excellent juice quality.Golden Russet is an antique apple from New York, considered the best-flavored of American russets.A versatile English 17th century russet apple, Ashmead's Kernel is noted for its distinctive pear-like flavor.Roxbury Russet is probably the oldest apple variety originating from North America.
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Using


Cider apple trees
Kingston Black
Cider apple trees
Harrison
Apple trees
Golden Russet
Apple trees
Ashmead's Kernel
Apple trees
Roxbury Russet
Picking seasonVery late
Late
Late
Late
Late
UsesHard cider
Juice
Hard cider
Eating fresh
Cooking
Juice
Hard cider
Eating fresh
Juice
Eating fresh
Cooking
Juice
Hard cider
CroppingLight
Good
Good
Light
Good
Keeping (of fruit)2-3 weeks
2-3 weeks
3 months or more
3 months or more
3 months or more
Flavor style (apples)Sweeter
Aromatic
Sweeter
Cooking resultKeeps shape
Juice styleBittersharp (cider)
Bittersweet (cider)
Sweeter
Sweet (cider)
Fruit persistenceNormal ripening
Normal ripening
Normal ripening
Normal ripening
Normal ripening
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Growing


Cider apple trees
Kingston Black
Cider apple trees
Harrison
Apple trees
Golden Russet
Apple trees
Ashmead's Kernel
Apple trees
Roxbury Russet
Gardening skillSome needed
Average
Average
Average
Average
Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
Not self-fertile
Not self-fertile
Not self-fertile
Not self-fertile
Pollination group5
3
2
4
4
Pollinating othersAverage
Average
Average
Poor
Poor
PloidyDiploid
Diploid
Diploid
Triploid
Triploid
VigourAverage vigour
Average vigour
Vigorous
Average vigour
Vigorous
PrecocitySlow to start bearing
Bearing regularityRegular
Regular
Regular
Regular
Regular
Fruit bearingSpur-bearer
Spur-bearer
Tip-bearer
Spur-bearer
Partial tip-bearer
Organic cultureNot-suitable
Suitable
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Disease resistance


Cider apple trees
Kingston Black
Cider apple trees
Harrison
Apple trees
Golden Russet
Apple trees
Ashmead's Kernel
Apple trees
Roxbury Russet
General resistancePoor
Average
Average
Good
Average
CankerSome susceptibility
ScabSome susceptibility
Some resistance
Some resistance
Some resistance
Very resistant
MildewSome resistance
FireblightVery resistant
Cedar apple rustSome susceptibility
Some susceptibility
Some resistance
Very resistant
Bitter pitSome susceptibility
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Climate


Cider apple trees
Kingston Black
Cider apple trees
Harrison
Apple trees
Golden Russet
Apple trees
Ashmead's Kernel
Apple trees
Roxbury Russet
Cold hardiness (USDA)(5) -20F / -29C
(5) -20F / -29C
(4) -30F / -34C
(4) -30F / -34C
(5) -20F / -29C
(6) -10F / -23C
(7) 0F / -18C
(8) 10F / -12C
(9) 20F / -7C
(10) 30F / -1C
(4) -30F / -34C
Summer average maximum temperaturesCool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F)
Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F)
Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)
Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F)
Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)
Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F)
Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)
Hot (>30C / 86F)
Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F)
Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)
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Identification


Cider apple trees
Kingston Black
Cider apple trees
Harrison
Apple trees
Golden Russet
Apple trees
Ashmead's Kernel
Apple trees
Roxbury Russet
Country of originUnited Kingdom
United States
United States
United Kingdom
United States
Period of origin1850 - 1899
1750 - 1799
1800 - 1849
1700 - 1749
1600 - 1649
Fruit colorCrimson
Russet
Yellow
Russet
Russet
Russet
Fruit sizeAverage
Large
AwardsSlow Food - Ark of Taste
RHS Award of Garden Merit
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