Jonagold apple trees

Jonagold
  • Picking season: Late
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
  • Uses: Eating fresh
  • Uses: Cooking
  • Uses: Juice
  • Uses: Hard cider
  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 4

Jonagold is a widely-grown American apple variety with an excellent rich aromatic flavor which appeals to both North American and European tastes - in fact it is as popular in Europe as the USA.

Jonagold stores well, a quality it inherits from one of its parents, Golden Delicious. However it gets its excellent flavor from its other parent, the very well-respected old New York apple variety Jonathan. It has the combination of good sweetness and good sharpness that often denotes a high quality apple.

Jonagold is a very versatile apple. As well as being excellent for eating fresh, it is a popular for all kinds of culinary uses, and good for juice and cider. The apples can be picked over several weeks - pick earlier if you want to store them.

Jonagold apple trees for sale

Item
Mature height
Price
Quantity
1-year Jonagold apple trees bare-root
Small (6ft-9ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year (Jonagold Red) Jonagold apple trees bare-root
Medium (8ft-12ft) mature height
$29.00

We are between seasons at the moment. You can pre-order trees now for delivery when the new season starts (fall for warmer zones, or next spring), you won't be asked to pay until nearer the time.


How to grow

The main horticultural issue is that Jonagold is a triploid apple variety and therefore needs two separate pollination partners nearby (or one self-fertile one). If you have apple trees nearby or in neighboring gardens, they may be suitable. Golden Delicious is a reliable pollinator of many varieties but Jonagold is an exception and cannot be pollinated by Golden Delicious. Like most triploid apple varieties, Jonagold produces a fairly large tree and the apples are also fairly large. Cropping is generally good and there is no need to thin the fruit.

Jonagold is susceptible to a number of apple diseases, but its vigorous triploid nature seems to help it keep going.

Jonagold likes a warmer climate but can be grown across quite a wide climate range.

Historical details

Jonagold is a cross between two classic American apple varieties, Golden Delicious and Jonathan. Developed by the famous Geneva research station in New York State in 1943.

Jonagold characteristics

Using

  • Picking season: Late
  • Cropping: Heavy
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening
  • Flavour quality: Very good
  • Flavour style (apples): Sweet/Sharp
  • Uses: Eating fresh Cooking Juice Hard cider
  • Discoloring: No discolor (Good for drying)

Growing

  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 4
  • Pollinating others: Poor
  • Ploidy: Triploid
  • Vigour: Vigorous
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer

Problems

  • Disease resistance: Poor
  • Canker: Some susceptibility
  • Cedar apple rust: Some susceptibility
  • Fireblight: Some susceptibility
  • Scab: Some susceptibility

Climate

  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (4) -30F / -34C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)
  • Chill requirement: Low-chill

Identification

  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1900 - 1949
  • Fruit colour: Orange flush
  • Awards: RHS Award of Garden Merit