Ashmead's Kernel apple trees

Ashmead's Kernel
  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh
  • Uses: Juice
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 4

Ashmeads Kernel is a very old traditional English russet apple. It remains popular for its distinctive pear-like flavor which is quite different from most other apple varieties.

Although often considered as a connoisseur's dessert apple, Ashmead's Kernel is actually quite versatile. It can be used for cooking, or sliced in savoury salads, and it keeps very well in a cold store.

Ashmead's Kernel is also becoming increasingly recognised for its juice, which adds an interesting fruity component to cider and hard cider blends.

Ashmead's Kernel apple trees for sale

Item
Mature height*
Price
Quantity
1-year Ashmead's Kernel apple trees bare-root
G.11, G.41 rootstock
Small (6ft-9ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Ashmead's Kernel apple trees bare-root
G.222, G.935, G.935, G.202, M.7, G.30 rootstock
Medium (8ft-12ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Ashmead's Kernel apple trees bare-root
MM.106, MM.111 rootstock
Large (10ft-14ft) mature height
$29.00
1-year Ashmead's Kernel apple trees bare-root
P18 rootstock
Full-size (16ft-24ft) mature height
$29.00

*Find out more about the apple rootstocks we use to control the mature height.


How to grow

Ashmead's Kernel is quite easy to grow, and perhaps because it is such an ancient variety, it is relatively disease resistant. It can be a light cropper and this usually caused by poor pollination at blossom time - planting another late-flowering apple tree or crab-apple tree nearby is a good idea.

Ashmead's Kernel has good winter hardiness on the right rootstock. It is one of the best-adapted of the major English apple varieties to US climate zones, including the warmer zones.

Historical details

Originated in England in the 1700s, probably in Gloucestershire.

Ashmead's Kernel characteristics

Using

  • Picking season: Late
  • Uses: Eating fresh Juice
  • Cropping: Light
  • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
  • Flavour quality: Very good
  • Flavour style (apples): Aromatic
  • Discoloring: Very oxidising
  • Juice style: Sweeter Sweet (cider)
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening
  • Vitamin C content: Low

Growing

  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Pollination group: 4
  • Pollinating others: Poor
  • Ploidy: Triploid
  • Vigour: Average vigour
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer
  • Organic culture: Suitable

Problems

  • Disease resistance: Good
  • Cedar apple rust: Some resistance
  • Mildew: Some resistance
  • Scab: Some resistance
  • Bitter pit: Some susceptibility

Climate

  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (4) -30F / -34C (5) -20F / -29C (6) -10F / -23C (7) 0F / -18C (8) 10F / -12C (9) 20F / -7C (10) 30F / -1C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F) Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)

Identification

  • Country of origin: United Kingdom
  • Period of origin: 1700 - 1749
  • Fruit colour: Russet
  • Awards: RHS Award of Garden Merit