Yellow Transparent is an old Russian apple variety, quite widely grown in the northern states, and also in Europe (where, confusingly, it is known as White Transparent).
Yellow Transparent has two notable qualities. It ripens very early - often as early as the third week of July even in the northern states. Secondly, it is exceptionally cold-hardy, and capable of surviving winters in zone 3. It is therefore easy to see why Yellow Transparent became a popular variety in North America as the settlers moved west.
Yellow Transparent can be eaten fresh when fully ripe, but is primarily an apple for the kitchen, where it easily cooks down to a light apple sauce with a good flavor. For cooking it is best to pick the apples slightly green.
Perrine Yellow Transparent is a sport (natural bud mutation) of the original form, and is unusual for being a "tetraploid" variety - it has double the number of chromosomes of the original ("diploid") form. The extra chromosomes are thought to be responsible for its better fruit size and the slightly larger and more vigorous tree size.
Order now for fall 2014 (warm zones) or spring 2015.
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Delivery discounts. Prices are for individual trees excluding delivery. There is no minimum quantity but it is cost effective to order in multiples of 4 trees.
Delivery period: Trees are delivered in March and April. However it is best to order as soon as you can to ensure items are reserved for you. If you live in a warm zone (e.g. Southern California, Alabama etc.) Fall delivery is possible. More details on our spring shipping schedule by state.
*Mature size: Height shown is the approximate height of the tree when mature (after 5-10 years), not the height when supplied. Actual mature heights may vary considerably dependent on your local conditions and training and pruning regime - see our Tree Height Calculator.
Stock availability: Items showing as 'sold out' will probably be available again next season.
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Yellow Transparent is in flowering group 2. Yellow Transparent is partially self-fertile, but fruiting will be improved if there is a compatible tree of a different variety nearby.
Yellow Transparent has exceptional cold-hardiness, and has long been popular in the northern states for this reason.
In these areas it is also considered a good disease-resistant tree. However it is very susceptible to fireblight, so is not a good choice for areas where this disease is prevalent. It is probably also a good idea to choose fireblight-resistant rootstocks where possible. This aside, its natural vigour seems to help it shrug off most other problems.
The other horticultural issue is that Yellow Transparent can lapse into biennial bearing - fruiting only every other year. This seems to be associated with its natural tendency to over-crop, and this is definitely a variety that repays thinning of the fruitlets as they start to swell after the blossom.
The Perrine Yellow Transparent is generally considered to be slightly more disease-resistant than the original form.
Yellow Transparent originates from Russia and is probably a very old variety. It was widely grown throughout Europe in the 19th century, and also became popular in North America.
In Europe it is most commonly known as White Transparent, and confusingly, another variety - Transparente de Croncels - is more commonly known as Yellow Transparent.
Perrine Yellow Transparent was found by D.B. Perrine in an orchard in Centralia, Illinois, in the 1930s. It is effectively an "improved" Yellow Transparent.
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