Cortland apple trees

  • Pick: Late-season
  • Flowering group: 3
  • Uses: Eat fresh | Cookery 
  • Disease-resistance: Good

Cortland was one of the first varieties to be developed from the popular McIntosh apple. It is a cross between an old southern variety, Ben Davis, pollinated by McIntosh. However as is often the case with McIntosh crosses, Cortland is very much in the McIntosh mould, with the characteristic crimson red skin and glistening sweet white flesh, although it does have a more rustic appeal than some other Mac crosses.

Cortland is a reliable and heavy-cropping variety. The apples are generally larger than McIntosh, but the sweet perfumed flavor is similar. Fruit quality from markets can be quite variable because Cortland does not keep especially well, but this is easily remedied by growing your own. Although primarily an apple for eating fresh, Cortland is also useful in the kitchen, and cut slices don't brown quickly.

Redcort - shown in our main photo - is a sport of Cortland with similar characteristics but a deeper crimson skin.

Last orders for delivery to CA to reach us by 31st March

Cortland apple trees for sale

Mature size* Supplied as Price Quantity
Large  (9ft - 12ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - M7 rootstock  (semi-vigorous) $29.00 Sold outalert me
Full size  (14ft - 20ft after 5-10 years) 1-year - bare-root - Bud. 118 rootstock  (vigorous) $29.00 Sold outalert me

Delivery discounts. Prices are for individual trees excluding delivery. There is no minimum quantity but it is cost effective to order in multiples of 4 trees.

Delivery period: Trees are delivered in March and April. However it is best to order as soon as you can to ensure items are reserved for you. If you live in a warm zone (e.g. Southern California, Alabama etc.) Fall delivery is possible. More details on our spring shipping schedule by state.

*Mature size: Height shown is the approximate height of the tree when mature (after 5-10 years), not the height when supplied. Actual mature heights may vary considerably dependent on your local conditions and training and pruning regime - see our Tree Height Calculator.

Stock availability: Items showing as 'sold out' will probably be available again next season. Click here to be notified when we get more trees of this variety.

Alternatives to Cortland apple trees

Summary features of Cortland


  • Gardening skill: Easy?
  • Cropping: Heavy
  • Fertility: Partially self-fertile?
  • Flowering group: 3?
  • Pollinating others: Average?
  • Ploidy: Diploid?
  • Vigour: Average growth?
  • Bearing regularity: Regular?
  • Fruit bearing: Partial tip-bearer?
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening?
  • Overall disease resistance: Good?
  • Scab: Some susceptibility?
  • Fireblight: Some susceptibility?
  • Cedar apple rust: Some susceptibility?


  • Picking season: Late?
  • Use / keeping: 2-3 weeks?
  • Flavour quality: Good?
  • Flavour style: Sweeter
  • Good for eating fresh
  • Good for cooking
  • Cooking result: Keeps shape
  • Drying / Discoloring: Oxidising?


  • Country of origin: United States
  • Period of origin: 1900 - 1949
  • Fruit colour: Crimson
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • Popularity: Best sellers?


  • Temperate climates
  • Tolerates cold winters
  • USDA Zone 4: Yes
  • USDA Zone 5: Yes
  • USDA Zone 6: Yes
  • USDA Zone 7: Yes
  • Cold hardiness: -30F / -34C?

Pollination guide for Cortland

Cortland is in flowering group 3. Cortland is partially self-fertile, but fruiting will be improved if there is a compatible tree of a different variety nearby. Since it flowers in the middle of the blossom season it can be pollinated by most other apple trees.

How to grow Cortland apple trees

Cortland is an easy apple to grow in most cooler climates, with no particular vices.

Historical details

Raised at the New York State Experiment Station, Geneva, 1898. McIntosh x Ben Davis.

Botanical name

Malus domestica 'Cortland'